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Category: Bird > Breeders > Pigeons (Columbidae)
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Pigeons (Columbidae)
Bird > Breeders & Suppliers > Pigeons (Columbidae)


VARIETIES:  NB: Pigeons and Doves are from the same family with Doves being smaller. Doves are listed separately on this site.
Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) also known as Hackled Pigeon, White-tailed Pigeon, Vulturine Pigeon; Victoria
Crowned Pigeon (Goura victoria)
also known as White-tipped Crowned Pigeon, Victoria Goura, White-tipped Goura;
Luzon Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba luzonica) also known as Luzon Punalada, Luzon Blood-breasted Pigeon;
New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae) also known as New Zealand Fruit-pigeon;

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) Includes Fancy Pigeon breeds:
(Rock Pigeons are also known as Rock Dove, Blue Rock, Feral Pigeon, Common Pigeon, Town Pigeon, Park Pigeon, Field Pigeon, Rock, Link, Skinnum, Fancy Pigeon, Homing Pigeon, Racing Homer, Racing Pigeon, Carrier Pigeons, Release Doves.)

Major breed families of fancy pigeon

This grouping system is adapted from The Australian Fancy Pigeons book of standards.[6] Where consideration was given to the new UK standards book which followed the German and European grouping. This version differs slightly from that of the European grouping here, but until a worldwide accepted grouping can be worked out the following are arbitrary and solely for organizing breed articles.


Asian feather and voice pigeons

A Fantail

This group includes as the name suggests, breeds developed for extensive feathering that originated in the Asian region. Also breeds cultivated for their trumpeting (or laughing) voice.

 Colour pigeons

Danish Suabian

Most of these originate in Germany and you will sometimes see these listed as German Toys. Many different varieties with a wide selection of colours and markings.


Frills and Owls

An African Owl

The word "Frill" here relates to the reversed feathering on the chest of these varieties. This group also noted for having short beaks.


Homer and Hen Pigeons


Homing Pigeons

German Beauty Homer

This group includes breeds originally developed for their homing ability. Includes show type racing pigeons.


Hen Pigeons

The birds in this group are referred to as hen pigeons because of their upturned tail which is supposed to resemble a female chicken.


Pouters and Croppers

A Pigmy Pouter

This group includes breeds developed for ability to inflate their crops.


Exhibition Tumblers

Crested Helmet

Originally members of this group were flying/tumbler breeds but have now been refined to such a degree as to be purely ornamental/exhibition breeds.


Flying Tumblers and Highfliers

Tippler (Light print)

This group are regarded as dual purpose in that they can be shown but still have acrobatic or sporting ability and can be used in flying competitions. Flying tumbler varieties belong in this group. Although many in this grouping have become primarily show varieties, they are still expected to display characteristics of performing birds.[6]


Utility pigeons

Main article: Utility pigeon
A red Carneau

Includes breeds originally developed as meat (squab) producers.



  1. ^ a b Levi, Wendell (1977). The Pigeon. Sumter, S.C.: Levi Publishing Co, Inc. ISBN 0853900132. 
  2. ^ Blechman, Andrew (2007). Pigeons-The fascinating saga of the world's most revered and reviled bird.. St Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 9780702236419. http://www.uqp.uq.edu.au/book_details.php?id=9780702236419. 
  3. ^ "Bird lovers flock to pigeon show" (Web article). Wauchope Gazette. http://www.webcitation.org/5Y0O3m0Im. Retrieved on 2008-05-22. 
  4. ^ "Fanciers flock to fund foundation" (Web article). Bebden Bridge Times. http://www.hebdenbridgetimes.co.uk/sport/Fanciers-flock-to-fund-foundation.4014301.jp. Retrieved on 2008-05-24. 
  5. ^ Child, Brad (2007), ""Pigeon Pals Tour" Part II", Purebred Pigeon (March/April 2007): 71, 72., http://www.purebredpigeon.com/ .
  6. ^ a b Seymour, Rev. Colin (Ed)(2006) Australian Fancy Pigeons National Book of Standards

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